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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55596
Doc. No:TL25550
Call number:‭3298931‬
Main Entry:Bryan Jay Whitfield
Title & Author:Joshua traditions and the argument of Hebrews 3 and 4Bryan Jay Whitfield
College:Emory University
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:352
Abstract:This dissertation examines the place of chapters 3 and 4 in the larger argument of Hebrews, particularly the relationship of the people of God in Heb 3:7–4:13 to the surrounding discussion of the high priest. The connection between the great high priest and the people of God proved a central question for twentieth-century scholars. In the 1920s, for example, Ernst Kasemann posited that a Gnostic background for Hebrews clarified the argumentative logic of this section. Although subsequent scholars generally reject Kasemann's position that Hebrews is Gnostic, many pursue a similar solution to the problem by suggesting other conceptual backgrounds. Others attempt to explain the relationship between the people of God and the great high priest by developing a convincing structural analysis of the writing. But no solution has proved persuasive. The first chapter of this work reviews these various attempts and also examines the approach of scholars who focus on the use of scripture in Hebrews, as they investigate the reading strategies and practices that shape the writer's argument. In particular, this chapter retrieves for consideration a proposal of J. Rendel Harris, who thought attention to the two Joshuas of the Hebrew Bible was the key to connecting Heb 3:7–4:13 to its frame. The second chapter surveys recent work on intertextuality in the New Testament and concludes that the study of the history of exegesis is central for biblical interpretation. Attending to reading practices within Second Temple Judaism deepens our understanding of the nature and function of interpretation that shaped the reading practices of the author of Hebrews. Two subsequent chapters explore the history of Second Temple interpretation of the texts central to Harris's proposal: Numbers 13–14 and Zechariah 3. The Levi-priestly tradition receives particular attention. The following chapter provides a careful study of the early chapters of Hebrews that explores allusions and echoes to Numbers and to Zechariah. The dissertation concludes with a positive assessment of much of Harris's proposal regarding the two Joshuas and suggests that Zech 3 plays a critical role in the development of the writer's high priestly Christology.
Subject:Philosophy, religion and theology; Hebrews (letter to the); History of interpretation; Joshua; Numbers; Second Temple Judaism; Zechariah; Biblical studies; 0321:Biblical studies
Added Entry:L. T. Johnson
Added Entry:Emory University