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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55601
Doc. No:TL25555
Call number:‭3188056‬
Main Entry:Samuel Lee Whitt
Title & Author:Beyond keeping the peace...: Can institutions promote trust and cooperation after violent conflict?Samuel Lee Whitt
College:Vanderbilt University
Date:2005
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2005
Page No:250
Abstract:The importance of institutions in the management of social conflict is well established within the theoretical literature in political science. In the past decade, institutional explanations of trust and cooperation have focused on ways that rules and procedures may constrain opportunism and promote social exchange. This study asks whether institutions can promote trust and cooperation in a society having experienced violent ethnic conflict---in this case Bosnia-Herzegovina. This study examines trust and cooperation using survey and experimental field research across different institutional and environmental conditions in Bosnia. In total, 681 subjects took part in the study between September 2003 and January 2004 in sixteen locations across Bosnia. Institutional variation across those sixteen locations served as experimental treatments. The analysis focuses on whether differences in power-sharing across Bosnia's two sub-state entities: the Muslim-Croat Federation and the Serb Republic, and international assistance by NATO peacekeeping forces in monitoring and policing ethnic of group behavior have any effect on enhancing trust and cooperative behavior across ethnicity. The analysis shows strong evidence that trust and cooperation across conditional to ethnicity and the strength of ethnic ties, perceptions of inter-personal and institutional trust, and concerns for personal safety and security. It fails to show support for institutional explanations based on power-sharing arrangements. The presence of NATO peacekeeping forces, however, is associated with greater cooperative norms across ethnicity, and trust in international institutions is strongly correlated with inter-ethnic trust. However, the study finds that building trust and credibility in domestic political institutions is more fundamental to overcoming social divisions after violent conflict than reliance on international institutions for safety and security.
Subject:Social sciences; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Cooperation; Ethnic conflict; Institutions; Trust; Violent conflict; Political science; Violence; Conflict; 0615:Political science
Added Entry:B. Oppenheimer
Added Entry:Vanderbilt University