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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55643
Doc. No:TL25597
Call number:‭3283369‬
Main Entry:John M. Willis
Title & Author:Unmaking north and south: Spatial histories of modern YemenJohn M. Willis
College:New York University
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:522
Abstract:This dissertation explores the spatial construction of modern Yemen, based on a comparison between colonial indirect rule in the south and the rule of the Zaydi Imamate in the north in the period between 1839 and 1934. Drawing on archival research in Britain and Yemen, this study attempts to locate the relationship between the geographical imagination and everyday practices of rule in the constitution of the Aden Protectorate and the late Zaydī Imamate. These two case studies are linked by the theoretical assumption that space is an effect of particular constellations of knowledge, power, and practice. I argue that colonial rule in the south was based on the production of difference in the form of pre-modern tribal society and the elaboration of a complex of discourses and practices that made this difference real. In contrast, Imam Yahyā Hamīd al-Dīn (r. 1904-48) reconstituted the Zaydī Imamate of North Yemen in the early twentieth century as a hybrid state which combined new technologies of power with a moral geography based in an earlier Zaydī Islamic tradition. The dissertation begins with an analysis of the production of the Aden Protectorate as tribal space. Looking at the fields of colonial ethnography, imperial ritual, cartography, and policing, I locate colonial rule in Aden in the larger histories of British rule in the independent “princely states” of India. I follow with an analysis of the hybrid state of Imam Yahyā in the same period. On the basis of elite historiography, official proclamations, court documents, records of taxation, and poetry I locate the production of the modern Imamate at the intersection of an Ottoman military legacy and the monarchical legacy of the Zaydī Qāsimī dynasty of the late eighteenth century. The study concludes with an analysis of the undeclared war between the British and Imam Yahyā over the space of the Aden Protectorate and the conclusion of the Anglo-Yemeni treaty of 1934.
Subject:Social sciences; Aden Protectorate; Colonialism; Yemen; Zaydi Imamate; Middle Eastern history; 0333:Middle Eastern history
Added Entry:Z. Lockman
Added Entry:New York University