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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55655
Doc. No:TL25609
Call number:‭3273094‬
Main Entry:Patrick Wing
Title & Author:The Jalayirids and dynastic state formation in the Mongol IlkhanatePatrick Wing
College:The University of Chicago
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:349
Abstract:The focus of this dissertation is the Jalayirid dynasty, a family of Muslim sultans who ruled Arab Iraq, Diyarbakr and Azarbayjan in the years following the dissolution of the Mongol Ilkhanate, from 736/1335 to 813/1410. Specifically, the aim of this study is to demonstrate the ways in which members of a Mongol tribe known as the Jalayir rose to prominence within the political structure of the Ilkhanate in the late 7th/13 th and early 8th/14th centuries. Following the dissolution of political unity within the Ilkhanate in 736/1335, the Jalayirids established a hereditary dynasty. Central to their success was the conquest of the former Ilkhanid imperial center in Azarbayjan by Sultan Shaykh Uvays in 759/1358. Shaykh Uvays and those who served him in Azarbayjan attempted to construct his image as the rightful heir to the Ilkhanate. He was aided in this endeavor by those intellectuals and administrators who had benefited from the patronage provided by the Ilkhanid royal court in Tabriz and who dedicated works of history, administrative protocol, and poetry to Shaykh Uvays as the continuator of the Ilkhanid dynasty. The greatest challenges to the Jalayirid dynasty by the end of the 8th/14th century included a series of campaigns waged by Tīmūr in Iran and the growth in power of the Qarā Quyūnlū Turkmans in eastern Anatolia. Tīmūr's attempt to reconstitute the Mongol world empire, based in the Ulus Chaghatay east of the Oxus River, ran counter to the notion upheld by the Jalayirids of the Ilkhanate, with its center in Azarbayjan, as the model for state organization and ideology. Although Tīmūr's successors were unsuccessful in maintaining lasting control of Azarbayjan and Arab Iraq, Sultān Ahmad Jalayir was forced to formally transfer his authority in those provinces to a Qarā Quyūnlū prince before his execution in 813/1410. Sultān Ahmad's death marked the end of a period in which the Ilkhanate provided the organizing principal for dynastic state formation in Iran.
Subject:Social sciences; Dynasty; Iran; Jalayirids; Mongol Ilkhanate; Muslim; State formation; Sultans; Middle Eastern history; Middle Ages; 0333:Middle Eastern history; 0581:Middle Ages
Added Entry:J. E. Woods
Added Entry:The University of Chicago