خط مشی دسترسیدرباره ماپشتیبانی آنلاین
ثبت نامثبت نام
راهنماراهنما
فارسی
ورودورود
صفحه اصلیصفحه اصلی
جستجوی مدارک
تمام متن
منابع دیجیتالی
رکورد قبلیرکورد بعدی
Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55679
Doc. No:TL25633
Call number:‭3205989‬
Main Entry:Yuna Huh Wong
Title & Author:Ignoring the innocent: Non-combatants in urban operations and in military models and *simulationsYuna Huh Wong
College:The Pardee RAND Graduate School
Date:2006
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2006
Page No:196
Abstract:Although non-combatants have a significant impact on U.S. urban operations, current military models and other analytic tools do not include them in a meaningful way. This dissertation seeks to: (1) use case study methodology to identify non-combatant behavior from recent U.S. urban experiences that have important implications for the conduct of military operations; (2) create a framework for including non-combatant behavior in models, simulations, and analysis; (3) assess the appropriateness of using agent-based modeling (ABM) to incorporate civilian entities into models; and (4) discuss specific types of policy decisions that could be improved by better including non-combatants in current analytic tools. This dissertation proposes a layered behavioral framework consisting of demographic information, simple behaviors (such as immediate reactions to combat), and complex behaviors (such as looting, acting as human shields, and attacking U.S. forces). It recommends ABM because of its usefulness in replicating many forms of social behavior, and because of the drawbacks inherent to other simulation approaches. Using ABM to include non-combatants offers a way to salvage existing large-scale constructive models that would otherwise have difficulty simulating realistic non-combatant behavior. Successfully introducing large numbers of non-combatants into models has the potential to dramatically affect the policy implications of models. It could affect decisions on weapons choice, rules of engagement, urban operations training, the simulated testing of weapons platforms still in development, the ongoing development of military models and simulations, and many other areas. Better analysis of non-combatant behavior is especially pertinent as the United States continues operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. It is clear that the bulk of ongoing U.S. military activities in these countries are no longer force-on-force, but the analytic tools available to decision makers are crafted as if they were. There is a compelling need to transform military modeling and simulation to better reflect the realities on the ground, and acknowledging that non-combatants are a major element of this new environment is a significant and necessary step.
Subject:Social sciences; Applied sciences; Military; Noncombatants; Simulations; Urban operations; Public administration; Operations research; 0796:Operations research; 0617:Public administration
Added Entry:J. T. B. Quinlivan, Steven C.; Glenn, Russell W.; Steeb, Randall
Added Entry:The Pardee RAND Graduate School