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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55689
Doc. No:TL25643
Call number:‭U615656‬
Main Entry:Louise Prentis Woodroofe
Title & Author:Buried in the sands of the Ogaden: The United States, the Horn of Africa and the demise of détenteLouise Prentis Woodroofe
College:London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom)
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:251
Abstract:The decade of the 1970s, despite representing the era of detente, superficially appeared to be one of Soviet successes and American setbacks. From Vietnam to Angola, the USSR seemed to be gaining Marxist friends in the Third World. Because of this, the Soviet Union wanted the United States to recognize it as an equal power in the world. With such acknowledgement, the Kremlin believed that negotiations to limit the arms race would then be mutually beneficial. On the other hand. President Nixon and Secretary of State Kissinger interpreted detente as a series of agreements and compromises to draw Moscow into an international system through which the United States could exercise some control over Soviet foreign relations, particularly with the Third World. These differing interpretations would prove to be the inherent flaw of detente and nowhere was this better illustrated than in the conflict in the Horn of Africa in 1974-78. This dissertation aims to trace the responses of the Ford and Carter administrations to events in the Horn of Africa and their ultimate effect on Soviet-American bilateral relations. Through archival research at the Ford and Carter Libraries, the National Archives and Records Administration, the National Security Archive, and interviews with key participants, it will discuss the formation of American policy toward the Horn and how disagreements over the region influenced superpower detente, causing President Carter's National Security Advisor, Zbigniew Brzezinski, to claim that "SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty) lies buried in the sands of the Ogaden." My particular focus will diverge from previous authors in its emphasis on the Horn of Africa conflict being the catalyst that exposed the failure of detente and a decisive element in President Carter's transition from favouring conciliation to choosing confrontation with the Soviet Union.
Subject:(UMI)AAIU615656; Social sciences; Detente; Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; African history; International Relations; 0601:International Relations; 0331:African history
Added Entry:London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom)