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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55699
Doc. No:TL25653
Call number:‭1458852‬
Main Entry:Alemtsehay Bogale Wotango
Title & Author:Iodine status and cognitive function of mother-child pairs in Sidama, southern EthiopiaAlemtsehay Bogale Wotango
College:Oklahoma State University
Date:2008
Degree:M.S.
student score:2008
Page No:136
Abstract:Scope and method of study. Iodine deficiency affects brain development. The purpose of this study was to assess the iodine status and cognitive function of women of childbearing age and their five-year-old children. A total of 100 women and their five-year-old children participated in this cross-sectional study. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, dietary patterns including iodized salt consumption, anthropometric measurements, cognitive tests, goiter grading and urinary iodine excretion (UIE) were analyzed. Descriptive statistics, correlations and analysis of variance were calculated. Findings and conclusions. The use of iodized salt was only 2%. The study participants consumed very low amounts of animal source food. Stunting was 29% and mothers with BMI < 18.5 were 14%. Eighty five percent of the mothers and 33% of children had goiter ranging from grade I to III. All the participants had UIE concentration less than 49μg/L. Ninety nine percent of the mothers and 95% of the children had UIE concentration less than 20μg/L. The results of cognitive tests for both mothers and children were low especially for tests from Simultaneous and Planning indices. This might be an indication of the subjects’ difficulty in being able to visualize, perceive, store and manipulate visual patterns which might be a consequence of iodine deficiency. Mean cognitive test scores for children were significantly affected by malnutrition (Z-scores <-2). In conclusion the study result strongly indicates that the study participants were severely iodine deficient and performed poorly in the cognitive tests.
Subject:Health and environmental sciences; Nutrition; Public health; 0570:Nutrition; 0573:Public health
Added Entry:B. J. Stoecker
Added Entry:Oklahoma State University