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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55732
Doc. No:TL25686
Call number:‭3208403‬
Main Entry:Chikako Yamauchi
Title & Author:Evaluating poverty alleviation: Methodological and empirical evidence from IndonesiaChikako Yamauchi
College:University of California, Los Angeles
Date:2005
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2005
Page No:162
Abstract:Recently governments in developing countries have targeted economically disadvantaged communities in order to effectively alleviate poverty. In Indonesia, for example, the IDT program provided targeted villages with grants for small business loans. Chapter 1 addresses the impact of this program by exploiting the fact that the government provided the same lump-sum grants to all targeted villages regardless of their population size, thereby assigning varying amounts of funds per household. Results show that in rural villages where larger amounts of funds are available per household, greater shares of young men begin working, mainly in self-employment activities. IDT also raises the average household expenditure per capita on non-food items. These results suggest that grants for poor communities that are designated for productive investment can be an effective way to facilitate rural development. Chapter 2 examines this anti-poverty program from another perspective, that is, the welfare of children. With two hundred and eleven million children working worldwide, child labor is a serious global problem. Governments often support productive investment by poor households to enhance the income-generating capacity of adults, thus lessening their reliance on child labor. Using IDT as a case study, I investigate how such investments in household enterprises affect the time allocation of children. Results indicate that urban children shift into household work as adults shift out of it. No effect is found for rural children despite an improvement in the employment status of adults, suggesting that an increase in the earning potential of adults does not guarantee an immediate reduction in child labor. Anti-poverty programs also strive to deliver resources to those who deserve them, with little leakage to the non-poor. Many countries have lately delegated the authority to distribute program resources to selected poor communities under the assumption that local government has richer information on individual income and is held accountable by its constituents. Chapter 3 investigates whether preexisting village characteristics affect the targeting performance of villages that receive IDT grants. Results indicate that targeting improves in communities with a high administrative capability, suggesting that the gains from decentralizing resource distribution are large when poor communities have organized governments.
Subject:Social sciences; Child labor; Employment; Indonesia; Poverty alleviation; Program evaluation; Targeted villages; Labor economics; 0510:Labor economics
Added Entry:D. Thomas
Added Entry:University of California, Los Angeles